loading
  • Photograph by Creative Commons

Food Security

Below you'll find a compilation of recent work at the intersection of Food Security and health. Please feel free to submit your additions to this list by emailing upstream@thinkupstream.net

Check out the work that Upstream and it's partners and contributors have done around Food Security here.

Anema A; Vogenthaler, N; Frongillo, EA; Kadiyala, S; Weiser, SD. "Food insecurity and HIV/AIDS: current knowledge, gaps, and research priorities." Current HIV/AIDS Reports (vol. 6, no. 4). 2009: p.224-231.

"Observational studies suggest that food insecurity is associated with increased HIV transmission risk behaviors and decreased access to HIV treatment and care…Integration of food security interventions into HIV/AIDS treatment programs is essential to curtail the HIV/AIDS epidemic and improve health and quality of life among those infected. 


Fitzpatrick T; Rosella, LC; Calzavara, A; Petch, J; Pinto, AD; Manson, H; Goel, V; Wodchis, WP. "Looking beyond income and education: Socioeconomic status gradients among future high-cost users of health care." American Journal of Preventative Medicine (vol. 49, no. 2). 2015:  p. 167-171. 

"Healthcare spending occurs disproportionately among a very small portion of the population. Research on these high-cost users (HCUs) of health care has been overwhelmingly cross-sectional in nature and limited to the few sociodemographic and clinical characteristics available in health administrative databases. This study is the first to bridge this knowledge gap by applying a population health lens to HCUs…future HCU status was most strongly associated with food insecurity, personal income, and non-homeownership. Living in highly deprived or low ethnic concentration neighborhoods also increased the odds of becoming an HCU."


Galesloot S; McIntyre, L; Fenton, T; Tyminski, S. "Food insecurity in Canadian adults receiving diabetes care." Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research (vol. 73, no. 3). 2012: e. 261-266. 

"Household food insecurity rates among individuals with diabetes in active care are higher than rates reported in Canadian population surveys. Severe food insecurity…may affect this population's ability to follow a pattern of healthy eating necessary for effective diabetes management."


Kirkpatrick S; McIntyre, L; Potestio ML. "Child hunger and long-term adverse consequences for health." Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine (vol. 164, no. 8). 2010: p.754-762. 

"Children and youth who experience hunger are more likely to have poorer health, and repeated exposure appears to be particularly toxic. Our findings point to the relevance of food insecurity in childhood as a marker of vulnerability, with implications for clinical practice and advocacy."


Loopstra, Rachel; Dachner, Naomi; Tarasuk, Valerie. "An exploration of the unprecedented decline in the prevalence of household food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador, 2007-2012. Canadian Public Policy (vol. 41, no. 3). 2015: p. 191-206.

"From 2007 to 2011, the prevalence of household food insecurity in Newfoundland and Labrador fell from 15.7 to 10.6 percent….We found that the decrease could in part be attributed to shifts in household income, but it also reflected a dramatic decline in food insecurity among social assistance recipients…possibly reflecting the cumulative impact of changes introduced through the province's poverty reduction strategy."


Mah, Catherine L.; Hamill, Catherine; Rondeau, Krista; McIntyre, Lynn. "A frame-critical policy analysis of Canada's response to the World Food Summit 1998-2008." Archives of Public Health (vol. 72, no. 41). 2014.

"The 2012 visit to Canada of Olivier De Schutter, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, led to a public rebuff by Canadian governmental officials. This paper…is offered as an illustrative example of how food insecurity is framed as a public policy problem in a high-income nation and how this framing has changed over time."


Marjerrison S; Cummings, EA; Glanville, NT; Kirk, SF; Ledwell, M. "Prevalence and associations of food insecurity in children with diabetes mellitus." Journal of Pediatrics (vol. 158, no. 4). 2010: p. 607-611.

"Food insecurity was more common in families with a child with [diabetes mellitus], and the presence of food insecurity was predictive of the child's hospitalization. Risk factors identified in this study should be used to screen for this problem in families with a child with DM."


McIntyre, Lynn; Bartoo, Aaron C.; Emery, JC Herbert. "When working is not enough: food insecurity in the Canadian labour force." Public Health Nutrition (vol. 17, no. 1). 2012: p. 49-57.

"The objective of the present study was to examine the correlates of food insecurity among households reliant on employment income…

Canadian households reliant on primary earners with less education and lower incomes were significantly more likely to experience food insecurity…Residence in Quebec was protective. Working households experiencing food insecurity were more likely to include earners reporting multiples jobs and higher job stress. Visible minority workers with comparable education levels experienced higher rates of food insecurity than European-origin workers."


McIntyre, Lynn; Patterson, Patrick B.; Anderson, Laura C.; Mah, Catherine L. "Household food insecurity in Canada: Problem definition and potential solutions in the public policy domain." Canadian Public Policy (vol. 42, no. 1). 2016: 83- 93.

"The objective of this study was to bring to light legislators' construction of household food insecurity using a data set of debate texts from the Hansard records of four Canadian jurisdictions over approximately the last two decades. We found that legislators' fundamental problematization of food insecurity was one of insufficient income but that certain groups were of greater policy concern than others."


McIntyre L; Williams, JV; Lavorato, DH; Patten, S. "Depression and suicide ideation in late adolescence and early adulthood are an outcome of child hunger." Journal of Affective Disorders (vol. 15, no. 1). 2013: p. 123-129.

"Child hunger appears to be a modifiable risk factor for depression and related suicide ideation in late adolescence and early adulthood, therefore prevention through the detection of such children and remedy of their circumstances may be an avenue to improve adult mental health."


Muirhead, V.; Quinonez, C.; Figueiredo, R.; Locker, D. "Oral health disparities and food insecurity in working poor Canadians." Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology (vol. 67, no. 4). 2009: p294-304.

"Food-insecure working poor persons had poor oral health compared with food-secure working poor persons…Food-insecure working poor persons reported relinquishing goods or services in order to pay for necessary dental care…Working poor persons regarded professional dental care as a competing financial demand."


Riches, Graham; Buckingham, Don; MacRae, Rod; Ostry, Aleck. "Right to Food Case Study: Canada." United National Food and Agriculture Organization. February 2004.

"This case study examines the human right to adequate food in the context of national food security within Canada. The right to food is explored from the competing perspectives of moral obligations (charity), political commitments by the state and justiciability as a legally enforceable claim….The study finds that the right to food exists in Canada and that, at a national level, the country is food secure. Yet there are serious disconnects between the claims and rhetoric of Canada’s right to food approaches and their full implementation."


Tarasuk, V; Cheng, Joyce; Oliveira, Clarie de; Dachner, Naomi; Gundersen, Craig; Kurdyak, Paul. "Health care costs associated with household food insecurity in Ontario." Canadian Medical Association Journal. 2015.

"Total health care costs and mean costs for inpatient hospital care, emergency department visits, physician services, same-day surgeries, home care services and prescription drugs covered by the Ontario Drug Benefit Program rose systematically with increasing severity of household food insecurity… Household food insecurity was a robust predictor of health care utilization and costs incurred by working-age adults, independent of other social determinants of health."


Tarasuk, Valerie; Mitchell, Andy; Dachner, Naomi. Household Food Insecurity in Canada, 2014. Toronto: Research to identify policy options to reduce food insecurity (PROOF). 2016.

"Not all provinces and territories chose to measure food insecurity in 2014 but among those that did, the problem appears to have remained persistently high…12.0% of households experienced some level of food insecurity during the previous 12 months in 2014. This represents 1.3 million households, or 3.2 million individuals, including nearly 1 million children under the age of 18. More than 1 in 6 children under the age of 18 lived in households that experienced food insecurity."


Vozoris N; Tarasuk, V. "Household food insufficiency is associated with poorer health." Journal of Nutrition (vol. 133, no. 1). 2003: p.120-126.

"The likelihood of reporting food insufficiency increased dramatically as income adequacy deteriorated. Individuals from food-insufficient households had significantly higher odds of reporting poor/fair health, of having poor functional health, restricted activity and multiple chronic conditions, of suffering from major depression and distress, and of having poor social support. Individuals in food-insufficient households were also more likely to report heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure and food allergies."


Willows, N; Veugelers, Paul.; Raine, Kim; Kuhle, Stefan. "Associations between household food insecurity and health outcomes in the Aboriginal population (excluding reserves)." Health Reports (vol. 22, no. 2) 2011.

"An estimated 29% of Aboriginal people aged 18 or older lived in food-insecure households.  They were more likely to report poor general and mental health, life dissatisfaction, a very weak sense of community belonging, high stress and cigarette smoking, compared with their counterparts in food-secure households…respondents from food-insecure households had significantly higher odds of poor general health, high stress, life dissatisfaction, and a very weak community belonging."

Showing 2 reactions

  • published this page in Evidence 2016-07-06 11:04:29 -0600
  • published this page in Evidence 2016-07-05 14:55:46 -0600